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            24. St. Jacob’s Church           

          The other region, where traces of far olden times can be still felt, is a neighbourhood of St. Jacob’s Church and Cistercian monastery. St Jacob’s Church built before 1225 in the beginning was situated in the suburb of Riga (in suburbio civitatis Rigensis), i.e. outside the walls of the old city, and it was only in 1258 that the walls were expanded to encompas the church. Apparently travellers, who did not manage to get inside the city before locking the gates, acquired sanctuary and spiritual care in this chapel. Supposedly the original location also defined a principle of the structure’s building: according to a design St. Jacob’s Church is a typical rural church (Dorfkirche). The chapel consists of quire, short three-nave parish room and a tower, located above the western travee of the middle-nave and is finished with a Gothic steeple. The foursquare quire without apse, covered with groins without nervures, denote on an impact of Cistercian architecture. The church has many rural chapels of equal looking from the Livonian times (Rūjienas Church, etc.).
          The greatest rebuilding works in this building originally being a hall-type church (perhaps pseudo-basilica?) happened in the 15th
century. By raising the wall part of the tower (the second and third floor was built up to it) and attaching St. Cross Chapel, the church was restructured into basil. Since 1675 one of the first temporary training institutions in Riga, resp. lyceums, was in the chapel. It was called Karl School (Schola Carolina), in the name of its founder Karl XI, the King of Sweden. Johan Cristoph Brotze (1742 - 1823), a famous student of local history in the Baltics, worked as a teacher in this training institution.


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